What do hydrologists do?
A hydrologist's activities typically include:
Hydrometric and water quality measurement:
- Maintaining monitoring networks to record river flows, water levels in rivers, lakes and groundwater;
- Rainfall and other climate variables;
- Taking water samples and conducting analysis for chemical properties; Working with biologists and ecologists to monitor river and lake conditions.
- Investigating patterns of rainfall and other forms of precipitation;
- The study of ice, snow and glaciers; modelling river flow processes including water quality, sediment movements and channel shapes;
- Investigating water in the biosphere at all scales, including soil and water interactions.
- The study of drought and floods, including statistical studies of drought and flood risks;
- Modelling complex water resource and water supply systems for planning and operation;
- Investigating the causes of flooding, and possible solutions to flooding problems;
- Undertaking water quality and other environmental management studies;
- Assessing water use (e.g. in agriculture and forestry);
- Examining the impact of climate change on water resources and flooding patterns;
- Assessing the consequences of changes in land use;
- Developing models of hydrological processes and systems;
- Considering environmental impacts on water bodies and the effect of engineering works to manage water (e.g. dams).